Forum für Wissenschaft, Industrie und Wirtschaft

Hauptsponsoren:     3M 
Datenbankrecherche:

 

UCI scientist will lead NASA effort to overcome physical impact of space travel

25.05.2004


Research will aid International Space Station, manned Mars exploration efforts



UC Irvine scientist Kenneth Baldwin has been reappointed by the NASA National Space Biomedical Research Institute to lead a research effort that ultimately will help astronauts stay healthy in space for a year or longer – enough time to conduct a manned mission to Mars.

... mehr zu:
»Mars »NASA »Space »UCI


As leader of the Muscle Alterations and Atrophy Team, Baldwin heads a group of scientists charged with learning why muscles atrophy and lose their functional capacity in the gravity-free environment of space and identifying ways to prevent these harmful changes from happening. The scientists, who come from institutions such as UCI, Harvard University and UCLA, also will design exercise equipment and programs to keep astronauts from weakening while traveling through space.

Discoveries by the team also will help people work for months at a time on the International Space Station.

Baldwin’s appointment is for four years. He will oversee a program with approximately $2.5 million in annual funding to deliver some milestones designed to enhance the new NASA Space Exploration Initiative put forward by President George W. Bush.

“If we truly want to send humans to Mars, we need to address the physiological problems extended space travel presents,” said Baldwin, a professor of biophysics and physiology. “Research funded by the institute will play a key role with overcoming the physical limits astronauts currently face.”

In addition, Baldwin and Vince Caiozzo, an associate professor of orthopedics, each received approximately $1.2 million in grant funding from the National Space Biomedical Research Institute. Baldwin will use the new funds to develop exercise programs that astronauts can do to stem muscle atrophy, while Caiozzo will continue work with a “space cycle” he and Baldwin helped build to create resistance training programs to maintain muscle strength in the back and legs.

In the ’90s, Baldwin, Caiozzo and Dr. Art Kreitenberg of the UCI College of Medicine developed a prototype cycle – a “space cycle” – to be used on the International Space Station. The bike whirls the cycling astronaut around, creating a miniature form of gravity and providing resistance-training exercise. The new funding will allow Baldwin and Caiozzo to resume using this innovative cycle to create exercise programs for astronauts.

About the University of California, Irvine: The University of California, Irvine is a top-ranked public university dedicated to research, scholarship and community. Founded in 1965, UCI is among the fastest-growing University of California campuses, with approximately 24,000 undergraduate and graduate students and about 1,300 faculty members. The third-largest employer in dynamic Orange County, UCI contributes an annual economic impact of $3 billion.

Tom Vasich | University of California - Irvin
Weitere Informationen:
http://today.uci.edu/news/release_detail.asp?key=1158

Weitere Berichte zu: Mars NASA Space UCI

Weitere Nachrichten aus der Kategorie Interdisziplinäre Forschung:

nachricht Placebo-Effekt hilft nach Herzoperationen
11.01.2017 | Philipps-Universität Marburg

nachricht Innovation: Optische Technologien verändern die Welt
01.12.2016 | Karlsruher Institut für Technologie

Alle Nachrichten aus der Kategorie: Interdisziplinäre Forschung >>>

Die aktuellsten Pressemeldungen zum Suchbegriff Innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Erforschung von Elementarteilchen in Materialien

Laseranregung von Semimetallen ermöglicht die Erzeugung neuartiger Quasiteilchen in Festkörpersystemen sowie ultraschnelle Schaltung zwischen verschiedenen Zuständen.

Die Untersuchung der Eigenschaften fundamentaler Teilchen in Festkörpersystemen ist ein vielversprechender Ansatz für die Quantenfeldtheorie. Quasiteilchen...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Mit solaren Gebäudehüllen Architektur gestalten

Solarthermie ist in der breiten Öffentlichkeit derzeit durch dunkelblaue, rechteckige Kollektoren auf Hausdächern besetzt. Für ästhetisch hochwertige Architektur werden Technologien benötigt, die dem Architekten mehr Gestaltungsspielraum für Niedrigst- und Plusenergiegebäude geben. Im Projekt »ArKol« entwickeln Forscher des Fraunhofer ISE gemeinsam mit Partnern aktuell zwei Fassadenkollektoren für solare Wärmeerzeugung, die ein hohes Maß an Designflexibilität erlauben: einen Streifenkollektor für opake sowie eine solarthermische Jalousie für transparente Fassadenanteile. Der aktuelle Stand der beiden Entwicklungen wird auf der BAU 2017 vorgestellt.

Im Projekt »ArKol – Entwicklung von architektonisch hoch integrierten Fassadekollektoren mit Heat Pipes« entwickelt das Fraunhofer ISE gemeinsam mit Partnern...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

Alle Focus-News des Innovations-reports >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

IHR
JOB & KARRIERE
SERVICE
im innovations-report
in Kooperation mit academics
Veranstaltungen

Bundesweiter Astronomietag am 25. März 2017

17.01.2017 | Veranstaltungen

Über intelligente IT-Systeme und große Datenberge

17.01.2017 | Veranstaltungen

Aquakulturen und Fangquoten – was hilft gegen Überfischung?

16.01.2017 | Veranstaltungen

 
VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
Weitere VideoLinks >>>
Aktuelle Beiträge

Bundesweiter Astronomietag am 25. März 2017

17.01.2017 | Veranstaltungsnachrichten

Intelligente Haustechnik hört auf „LISTEN“

17.01.2017 | Architektur Bauwesen

Satellitengestützte Lasermesstechnik gegen den Klimawandel

17.01.2017 | Maschinenbau