Forum für Wissenschaft, Industrie und Wirtschaft

Hauptsponsoren:     3M 
Datenbankrecherche:

 

Exosomes - Use of exosomes in prevention and therapy of acute inflammation associated diseases

06.06.2013
Exosomes are nano-sized, secreted cell organelles that are released by a huge variety of different cell species, including mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Containing a combination of lipids and proteins as well as RNAs, exosomes participate in intercellular communication processes.

Due to the wide range of molecules they enclose and their cell type specific assembly, these small membrane vesicles get more and more in the focus of diagnosis, drug delivery and clinical applications. Some preliminary pre-clinical and clinical application of MSC-derived exosomes of scientists at the University Duisburg-Essen revealed very promising results (see below). However, coupled with the fact that beneficial effects of MSC administration are controversially discussed, it appears very likely that not all MSC-derived exosome fractions will exert beneficial effects. To select for MSC exosomes being able to efficiently suppress inflammation associated symptoms the scientists compared immune modulating activities of independent MSC-derived exosome preparations. Aiming to treat a 22-years female patient suffering from severe therapy-refractory cutaneous and intestinal Graft-versus-Host Disease (GvHD) grade IV with MSC-derived exosomes, the scientists administered exosomes which revealed the strongest immune-suppressive effects in vitro. The documentation of the impacts on the clinical symptoms and the immune response showed that the selected MSC exosome preparation helped to suppress GvHD symptoms in vivo. Since the in vivo administration appears to be safe, MSC exosome administration of selected preparations turned out to be a promising new treatment option in the prevention and therapy of diseases associated with acute inflammatory processes, such as GvHD, stroke, heart-attack and neonatal damages of the brain and lungs.

Weitere Informationen: PDF

PROvendis GmbH
Tel.: +49 (0)208/94105 10

Ansprechpartner
Dipl.-Ing. Alfred Schillert

info@technologieallianz.de | TechnologieAllianz e.V.
Weitere Informationen:
http://www.technologieallianz.de/angebote.php?sort=sag&id=3166&lang=de
http://www.technologieallianz.de

Alle Nachrichten aus der Kategorie: Technologieangebote >>>

Die aktuellsten Pressemeldungen zum Suchbegriff Innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: LaserTAB: Effizientere und präzisere Kontakte dank Roboter-Kollaboration

Auf der diesjährigen productronica in München stellt das Fraunhofer-Institut für Lasertechnik ILT das Laser-Based Tape-Automated Bonding, kurz LaserTAB, vor: Die Aachener Experten zeigen, wie sich dank neuer Optik und Roboter-Unterstützung Batteriezellen und Leistungselektronik effizienter und präziser als bisher lasermikroschweißen lassen.

Auf eine geschickte Kombination von Roboter-Einsatz, Laserscanner mit selbstentwickelter neuer Optik und Prozessüberwachung setzt das Fraunhofer ILT aus Aachen.

Im Focus: LaserTAB: More efficient and precise contacts thanks to human-robot collaboration

At the productronica trade fair in Munich this November, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be presenting Laser-Based Tape-Automated Bonding, LaserTAB for short. The experts from Aachen will be demonstrating how new battery cells and power electronics can be micro-welded more efficiently and precisely than ever before thanks to new optics and robot support.

Fraunhofer ILT from Aachen relies on a clever combination of robotics and a laser scanner with new optics as well as process monitoring, which it has developed...

Im Focus: The pyrenoid is a carbon-fixing liquid droplet

Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.

A warming planet

Im Focus: Hochpräzise Verschaltung in der Hirnrinde

Es ist noch immer weitgehend unbekannt, wie die komplexen neuronalen Netzwerke im Gehirn aufgebaut sind. Insbesondere in der Hirnrinde der Säugetiere, wo Sehen, Denken und Orientierung berechnet werden, sind die Regeln, nach denen die Nervenzellen miteinander verschaltet sind, nur unzureichend erforscht. Wissenschaftler um Moritz Helmstaedter vom Max-Planck-Institut für Hirnforschung in Frankfurt am Main und Helene Schmidt vom Bernstein-Zentrum der Humboldt-Universität in Berlin haben nun in dem Teil der Großhirnrinde, der für die räumliche Orientierung zuständig ist, ein überraschend präzises Verschaltungsmuster der Nervenzellen entdeckt.

Wie die Forscher in Nature berichten (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005), haben die...

Im Focus: Highly precise wiring in the Cerebral Cortex

Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.

The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...

Alle Focus-News des Innovations-reports >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

IHR
JOB & KARRIERE
SERVICE
im innovations-report
in Kooperation mit academics
Veranstaltungen

Legionellen? Nein danke!

25.09.2017 | Veranstaltungen

Posterblitz und neue Planeten

25.09.2017 | Veranstaltungen

Hochschule Karlsruhe richtet internationale Konferenz mit Schwerpunkt Informatik aus

25.09.2017 | Veranstaltungen

 
VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
Weitere VideoLinks >>>
Aktuelle Beiträge

Legionellen? Nein danke!

25.09.2017 | Veranstaltungsnachrichten

Hochvolt-Lösungen für die nächste Fahrzeuggeneration!

25.09.2017 | Seminare Workshops

Seminar zum 3D-Drucken am Direct Manufacturing Center am

25.09.2017 | Seminare Workshops