Forum für Wissenschaft, Industrie und Wirtschaft

Hauptsponsoren:     3M 


New business models rely on the availability of agricultural machinery


Tractors, combine harvesters and other agricultural machinery are associated with high costs and time-consuming maintenance for farmers. It could be simpler for them with new business models, whose feasibility Kaiserslautern researchers have worked on with industrial partners. The agricultural machine is not sold as a product, but only their availability for a certain period. For this purpose, the researchers have developed a technical system that detects the failure of the machines prematurely and provides all status information for service technicians. At the Hannover Messe from 1 to 5 April, they will present their project at the Rhineland-Palatinate research stand (Hall 2, Stand B40).

Farmers usually need their agricultural machinery only a few days a year. Nevertheless, this is associated with major investments. In the future, new, availability-oriented business models could help in this respect. Researchers at Technische Universität Kaiserslautern (TUK) worked on their commercial feasibility as part of the “InnoServPro” joint project.

Thomas Eickhoff (left), Hristo Apostolov and their colleagues have worked on these new business models.

Credits: Koziel/TUK

It is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). The overall goal is to develop innovative service products (Product-Service Systems (PSS)) that enable such business models. “The manufacturers of agricultural machinery sell their customers no longer a product, but ‘only’ its availability as a service product,” says Thomas Eickhoff, who works at the Institute for Virtual Product Engineering (VPE) as part of his doctorate at “InnoServPro”.

In this model, the supplier has to ensure that the desired machine is as 100 percent as possible available to his customer within a certain booked period. “There must be no failure,” says Hristo Apostolov, who is also involved in the project.

To guarantee such availability from the technical point of view, Apostolov and Eickhoff have worked together with other colleagues from TUK, IT and telecommunications companies, software system suppliers, consulting companies, industrial suppliers, agricultural machinery manufacturers John Deere and Grimme and drive technology company Lenze. The industrial partners have provided the Kaiserslautern scientists with corresponding machines, equipment and data.

“In the project, we developed an overall system that monitors the machines in such a way that we can recognize early on when a failure might occur,” explains Eickhoff. Sensors are used to provide engineers with data about the condition of the devices. In a potato harvesting machine, for example, they can monitor the conveyor belt and collect data.

“We evaluate this data in order to predict breakdowns and failures of the conveyor in time,” Apostolov continues. In this context, experts also speak of predictive maintenance systems. Such technologies inform the manufacturer prematurely and ensure, for example, that a service technician arrives at the customer before the machine fails and also has all the necessary spare parts with him.

In order to realise these availability-oriented business models, a so-called “digital twin” of agricultural machinery is also important, and the Kaiserslautern researchers have also co-developed it. “Combine harvesters and other machines offer innumerable possibilities for variation, and can be equipped with various accessories depending on the farmers' needs,” Eickhoff continues. “If there is a failure, we need a replacement quickly. But this is only possible if you know exactly which part is installed at which position.”

With the digital twin, the researchers digitally store all the necessary data from individual components through to repair instructions in a database. For this purpose, they have developed an intelligent and integrated information management system in which all important information about the machines is put together in a user-friendly manner.

“The technology generates large amounts of data, for example that of sensors, which has to be analysed and evaluated and automatically sent to a service technician,” continues Apostolov. In the future, the system is intended to help manufacturers to keep track of things more easily, for example in order to be informed about a failure prematurely. In addition, service technicians quickly identify the type of machine, its individual configuration and the spare parts needed.

In the joint project “InnoServPro” researchers from the following professorships from the Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering are involved at the TUK: Virtual Production Engineering by Professor Dr. Jens C. Göbel, Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Production Systems by Professor Dr. Jan Aurich, Institute for Measurement and Sensor Technology by Professor Dr. Jörg Seewig and Institute of Machine Elements, Gears, and Transmissions by Professor Dr. Bernd Sauer.

The project will be completed this April. It is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) as part of the research programme “Innovations for Tomorrow's Work - Research for Production and Services of the Future” and supervised by the Project Management Agency Karlsruhe (PTKA).

The researchers will present the results of their work at the Hannover Messe. At their exhibition stand, they will show how their innovative solutions for agricultural engineering, such as modern development methods, intelligent/networked components and sensors as well as innovative and integrated information management, work. Using various real, physical and virtual exhibits, they also explain how the new solutions can be integrated into the service processes of companies and how they improve them.

In addition, the consortium of the “InnoServPro” project will present its final project results during a results conference on April 4 in Pavilion 36 on the grounds of the Hannover Messe. Registration is required. More information about this and the project “InnoServPro” as well as the consortium can be found at:

Klaus Dosch, Department of Technology and Innovation, is organizing the presentation of the researchers of the TU Kaiserslautern at the fair. He is the contact partner for companies and, among other things, establishes contacts to science.
Contact: Klaus Dosch, Email: dosch[at], Phone (also during the fair): +49(0)631 205-3001

Wissenschaftliche Ansprechpartner:

Karl-Gerhard Faißt
Institute for Virtual Product Engineering
Phone: +49(0)631 205-3965

Thomas Eickhoff
Institute for Virtual Product Engineering
Phone: +49(0)631 205-3686

Hristo Apostolov
Institute for Virtual Product Engineering
Phone: +49(0)631 205-3787

Melanie Löw | Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Weitere Informationen:

Weitere Nachrichten aus der Kategorie HANNOVER MESSE:

nachricht Network Manager mit Topologiedarstellung
05.04.2019 | PHOENIX CONTACT GmbH & Co. KG

nachricht Energieverteilung leicht gemacht
05.04.2019 | PHOENIX CONTACT GmbH & Co. KG

Alle Nachrichten aus der Kategorie: HANNOVER MESSE >>>

Die aktuellsten Pressemeldungen zum Suchbegriff Innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Forschende entdecken, wie äußere Reize den Auf- und Abbau des Skeletts im Kern von Säugetierzellen steuern

Nicht nur in Muskelzellen spielen sie die Hauptrolle: Die Aktinfilamente sind eines der häufigsten Proteine in allen Säugetierzellen. Die fadenförmigen Strukturen bilden einen wichtigen Teil des Zellskeletts und -bewegungsapparats. Zellbiologinnen und -biologen der Universität Freiburg zeigen nun in Zellkulturen, wie Rezeptorproteine in der Membran dieser Zellen Signale von außen an Aktinmoleküle im Kern weiterleiten, die daraufhin Fäden bilden.

Das Team um Pharmakologe Prof. Dr. Robert Grosse steuert in einer Studie den Auf- und Abbau der Aktinfilamente im Zellkern mit physiologischen Botenstoffen und...

Im Focus: Neuartiges Antibiotikum gegen Problemkeime in Sicht

Internationales Forscherteam mit Beteiligung der Universität Gießen entdeckt neuen Wirkstoff gegen gramnegative Bakterien – Darobactin attackiert die Erreger an einem bislang unbekannten Wirkort

Immer mehr bakterielle Erreger von Infektionskrankheiten entwickeln Resistenzen gegen die marktüblichen Antibiotika. Typische Krankenhauskeime wie Escherichia...

Im Focus: Machine learning microscope adapts lighting to improve diagnosis

Prototype microscope teaches itself the best illumination settings for diagnosing malaria

Engineers at Duke University have developed a microscope that adapts its lighting angles, colors and patterns while teaching itself the optimal...

Im Focus: Kleine Teilchen, große Wirkung: Wie Nanoteilchen aus Graphen die Auflösung von Mikroskopen verbessern

Konventionelle Lichtmikroskope können Strukturen nicht mehr abbilden, wenn diese einen Abstand haben, der kleiner als etwa die Lichtwellenlänge ist. Mit „Super-resolution Microscopy“, entwickelt seit den 80er Jahren, kann man diese Einschränkung jedoch umgehen, indem fluoreszierende Materialien eingesetzt werden. Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler am Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung haben nun entdeckt, dass aus Graphen bestehende Nano-Moleküle genutzt werden können, um diese Mikroskopie-Technik zu verbessern. Diese Nano-Moleküle bieten eine Reihe essentieller Vorteile gegenüber den bisher verwendeten Materialien, die die Mikroskopie-Technik noch vielfältiger einsetzbar machen.

Mikroskopie ist eine wichtige Untersuchungsmethode in der Physik, Biologie, Medizin und vielen anderen Wissenschaften. Sie hat jedoch einen Nachteil: Ihre...

Im Focus: Small particles, big effects: How graphene nanoparticles improve the resolution of microscopes

Conventional light microscopes cannot distinguish structures when they are separated by a distance smaller than, roughly, the wavelength of light. Superresolution microscopy, developed since the 1980s, lifts this limitation, using fluorescent moieties. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research have now discovered that graphene nano-molecules can be used to improve this microscopy technique. These graphene nano-molecules offer a number of substantial advantages over the materials previously used, making superresolution microscopy even more versatile.

Microscopy is an important investigation method, in physics, biology, medicine, and many other sciences. However, it has one disadvantage: its resolution is...

Alle Focus-News des Innovations-reports >>>



Industrie & Wirtschaft

Chemnitzer Linux-Tage 2020: „Mach es einfach!“

18.11.2019 | Veranstaltungen

Humanoide Roboter in Aktion erleben

18.11.2019 | Veranstaltungen

1. Internationale Konferenz zu Agrophotovoltaik im August 2020

15.11.2019 | Veranstaltungen

Wissenschaft & Forschung
Weitere VideoLinks im Überblick >>>
Aktuelle Beiträge

Der Gewinner ist… Vorankündigung zum 11. Corporate Health Award

22.11.2019 | Förderungen Preise

Erste Liga der Automobilzulieferer

22.11.2019 | Förderungen Preise

Forschende entdecken, wie äußere Reize den Auf- und Abbau des Skeletts im Kern von Säugetierzellen steuern

22.11.2019 | Biowissenschaften Chemie

Weitere B2B-VideoLinks
im innovations-report
in Kooperation mit academics