Forum für Wissenschaft, Industrie und Wirtschaft

Hauptsponsoren:     3M 
Datenbankrecherche:

 

Human Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution: New Research reveals Higher Risks than previously thought

12.09.2003


Presentation of the latest studies on the impact of indoor air pollution on human health and an on-site visit to the JRC’s unique Indoortron environmental chamber. Also, access to leading experts on the occasion of the 13th Annual Conference of the International Society of Exposure Analysis (ISEA).



Do we really know what we are breathing? The latest human exposure assessment studies reveal that the indoor environment poses its own threats of discomfort to health and, in some cases can be at least twice as polluting as outdoor levels. Hundreds of volatile components have been detected and some of them are known to be toxic, mutagenic or carcinogenic, while the number of sources is enormous. On 22 September at its facilities in Italy, the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) will make presentations to the media, arrange on-site visits and give practical demonstrations of results of its latest assessments. This will include insights into potential causes of acute indoor symptoms such as allergies, asthma, mucous irritation, headaches and tiredness. It is estimated, for example, that up to 20% of the population suffers from asthma and allergies caused by substances found in indoor environments.

... mehr zu:
»JRC


What’s on offer?

Participating journalists are invited to attend the opening address of the ISEA Conference, which brings together around 500 experts in health and environment issues such as air pollution, pesticides and heavy metals. The press conference on ‘towards healthier buildings for healthier people’ will include an overview of the new EU Public Health Programme and the JRC’s role in the INDEX (Critical Appraisal of the Setting and Implementation of Indoor Exposure Limits in the EU) and THADE (Towards healthy air in dwellings in Europe) projects.

Journalists will be taken on-site to see how this research actually works in practice at the Indoortron facility where a wide variety of leading air-related experiments are conducted. This will include demonstrations of new analytical advanced methods giving us, for the first time, a fingerprint of chemical species present in dangerous Volatile Organic Compounds.

Background

It is generally perceived that buildings shelter us from most unpleasant and unhealthy outdoor conditions or pollutants. We spend, on average, 85-90% of our time indoors at home, in school, at work or during recreation. However, reductions in ventilation rate to conserve energy and extensive use of new building materials are releasing chemical compounds with unknown toxicological properties. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are now a major source of air pollution in Europe.

Results from the few monitoring exercises that have been carried out are contributing to a growing awareness about the health impacts of VOC concentrations found in indoor and outdoor air. This is increasingly associated with serious health problems. In addition, indoor pollutants such as Environmental Tobacco Smoke, radon, asbestos and benzene may substantially contribute to the increase of incidents of cancer in the population. In the case of benzene and formaldehyde, for instance, the European citizen’s overall indoor exposure is at least twice that one would expect outdoors.

What is being done?

Faced with a lack of reliable data at a European level, the JRC’s Institute for Health & Consumer Protection is developing new analytical approaches, comparison and harmonisation methods, and conducting monitoring surveys around the Member States to quantify contaminants. This is necessary to provide sound data as the basis for further exposure assessment.

The 30-m3 Indoortron facility at Ispra forms the lynchpin of this strategy, providing a highly controlled environment where air composition can be measured accurately and adjusted, without any influences from the surrounding atmosphere. For example, it enables researchers to study consumer products such as paints or photocopying machines and determine their release patterns, to create test models that predict pollutant concentrations, to evaluate the efficiency of air-cleaning devices and to carry out exposure measurement and assessment studies. The laboratory also incorporates a control room equipped with a state of the art computer system for remote manipulation of climatic parameters and the continuous collection and processing of data.

Where? Palazzo Congressi in Stresa, Lago Maggiore, Italy - press conference, Joint Research Centre, Ispra - on-site visit & practical demonstration.

Provisional Media Programme

12:00 Press conference: JRC Director General Barry McSweeney
13:00 Networking lunch: Project co-ordinators, experts & JRC officials
14:00 Departure to Ispra: Transport by coach & boat
15:00 Indoortron demonstration: ‘Practical Insights into Indoor Air Quality’
17:00 Departure: Onward travel assistance for media

Note: A final media programme accompanied by logistical guidance will be made available in advance. Furthermore, interpretation is foreseen in English & Italian.

Further Information

JRC Information and Public Relations:
Tel: +39-0332-789743, Fax - 782435
Media mobile: +39 348 4917184.
E-mail: berta.duane@cec.eu.int

Berta Duane | JRC
Weitere Informationen:
http://www.jrc.cec.eu.int

Weitere Berichte zu: JRC

Weitere Nachrichten aus der Kategorie Veranstaltungsnachrichten:

nachricht 11. BusinessForum21-Kongress „Aktives Schadenmanagement"
22.09.2017 | BusinessForum21

nachricht Internationale Konferenz zum Biomining ab Sonntag in Freiberg
22.09.2017 | DECHEMA Gesellschaft für Chemische Technik und Biotechnologie e.V.

Alle Nachrichten aus der Kategorie: Veranstaltungsnachrichten >>>

Die aktuellsten Pressemeldungen zum Suchbegriff Innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: The pyrenoid is a carbon-fixing liquid droplet

Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.

A warming planet

Im Focus: Hochpräzise Verschaltung in der Hirnrinde

Es ist noch immer weitgehend unbekannt, wie die komplexen neuronalen Netzwerke im Gehirn aufgebaut sind. Insbesondere in der Hirnrinde der Säugetiere, wo Sehen, Denken und Orientierung berechnet werden, sind die Regeln, nach denen die Nervenzellen miteinander verschaltet sind, nur unzureichend erforscht. Wissenschaftler um Moritz Helmstaedter vom Max-Planck-Institut für Hirnforschung in Frankfurt am Main und Helene Schmidt vom Bernstein-Zentrum der Humboldt-Universität in Berlin haben nun in dem Teil der Großhirnrinde, der für die räumliche Orientierung zuständig ist, ein überraschend präzises Verschaltungsmuster der Nervenzellen entdeckt.

Wie die Forscher in Nature berichten (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005), haben die...

Im Focus: Highly precise wiring in the Cerebral Cortex

Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.

The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...

Im Focus: Tiny lasers from a gallery of whispers

New technique promises tunable laser devices

Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...

Im Focus: Wundermaterial Graphen: Gewölbt wie das Polster eines Chesterfield-Sofas

Graphen besitzt extreme Eigenschaften und ist vielseitig verwendbar. Mit einem Trick lassen sich sogar die Spins im Graphen kontrollieren. Dies gelang einem HZB-Team schon vor einiger Zeit: Die Physiker haben dafür eine Lage Graphen auf einem Nickelsubstrat aufgebracht und Goldatome dazwischen eingeschleust. Im Fachblatt 2D Materials zeigen sie nun, warum dies sich derartig stark auf die Spins auswirkt. Graphen kommt so auch als Material für künftige Informationstechnologien infrage, die auf der Verarbeitung von Spins als Informationseinheiten basieren.

Graphen ist wohl die exotischste Form von Kohlenstoff: Alle Atome sind untereinander nur in der Ebene verbunden und bilden ein Netz mit sechseckigen Maschen,...

Alle Focus-News des Innovations-reports >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

IHR
JOB & KARRIERE
SERVICE
im innovations-report
in Kooperation mit academics
Veranstaltungen

11. BusinessForum21-Kongress „Aktives Schadenmanagement"

22.09.2017 | Veranstaltungen

Internationale Konferenz zum Biomining ab Sonntag in Freiberg

22.09.2017 | Veranstaltungen

Die Erde und ihre Bestandteile im Fokus

21.09.2017 | Veranstaltungen

 
VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
Weitere VideoLinks >>>
Aktuelle Beiträge

11. BusinessForum21-Kongress „Aktives Schadenmanagement"

22.09.2017 | Veranstaltungsnachrichten

DFG bewilligt drei neue Forschergruppen und eine neue Klinische Forschergruppe

22.09.2017 | Förderungen Preise

Lebendiges Gewebe aus dem Drucker

22.09.2017 | Biowissenschaften Chemie