Forum für Wissenschaft, Industrie und Wirtschaft

Hauptsponsoren:     3M 


Surgical skill increases survival for oesophageal cancer surgery


Resection of the oesophagus for cancer should no longer be an operation with a high mortality rate provided experienced surgeons are involved as part of a multidisciplinary team”, according to Mr Subhajit Dutta Roy, Clinical Research Fellow at the Surgical Research Unit, Leighton Hospital, Crewe in the United Kingdom. Mr Dutta Roy was speaking at the 12th Congress of the European Society of Surgical Oncology in Budapest.

Oesophageal cancer is closely associated with alcohol consumption and tobacco smoking. The UK has one of the highest incidences of oesophageal cancer in Europe and each year there are around 4,200 deaths from the disease[1].

The mainstay of treatment for oesophageal cancer is surgery to remove the oesophagus, a procedure known as ‘oesophagectomy’. However, the procedure is known for having a relatively high mortality rate.

Mr Dutta Roy and his colleagues used the Hospital Episodes Statistics database to examine the outcome of 6,950 oesophagectomies in England over a four year period from 1997 - 2001. They found that in those hospitals with high oesophagectomy case-loads there was a corresponding, and statistically significant, improvement in operative survival. Mr Dutta Roy acknowledged that in-hospital mortality can arise from a number of factors, and assessing outcome measures for all types of complex surgical procedures is inherently difficult. “However, the statistics show a clear survival benefit where experienced surgeons perform the procedure”, he added.

These results mirror those found in other studies and further suggest that surgical skill is a major factor in successful outcome of surgical procedures for a range of cancers, and may also suggest a potential beneficial effect of centralization of oesophageal cancer surgery in England.

There are currently no specialist oesophageal centers in the UK and Mr Dutta Roy cautions against steps to develop them on the basis of these results alone. “Centralizing the resources for one specific procedure in a specialist center may, in fact, make matters worse as better results from high volume centres lack specificity and may be due to inherent structures and processes in place in ‘bigger’ hospitals”. “It would make more sense to develop specialized, regional centers for all complex surgical procedures”, said Mr Dutta Roy.

[1] Data obtained from the Globocan 2000 report – available through the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) website

Stuart Bell | alfa

Weitere Nachrichten aus der Kategorie Medizin Gesundheit:

nachricht Bei Notfällen wie Herzinfarkt und Schlaganfall immer den Notruf 112 wählen: Jede Minute zählt!
22.06.2017 | Deutsche Herzstiftung e.V./Deutsche Stiftung für Herzforschung

nachricht Tropenviren bald auch in Europa? Bayreuther Forscher untersuchen Folgen des Klimawandels
21.06.2017 | Universität Bayreuth

Alle Nachrichten aus der Kategorie: Medizin Gesundheit >>>

Die aktuellsten Pressemeldungen zum Suchbegriff Innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Can we see monkeys from space? Emerging technologies to map biodiversity

An international team of scientists has proposed a new multi-disciplinary approach in which an array of new technologies will allow us to map biodiversity and the risks that wildlife is facing at the scale of whole landscapes. The findings are published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. This international research is led by the Kunming Institute of Zoology from China, University of East Anglia, University of Leicester and the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research.

Using a combination of satellite and ground data, the team proposes that it is now possible to map biodiversity with an accuracy that has not been previously...

Im Focus: Klima-Satellit: Mit robuster Lasertechnik Methan auf der Spur

Hitzewellen in der Arktis, längere Vegetationsperioden in Europa, schwere Überschwemmungen in Westafrika – mit Hilfe des deutsch-französischen Satelliten MERLIN wollen Wissenschaftler ab 2021 die Emissionen des Treibhausgases Methan auf der Erde erforschen. Möglich macht das ein neues robustes Lasersystem des Fraunhofer-Instituts für Lasertechnologie ILT in Aachen, das eine bisher unerreichte Messgenauigkeit erzielt.

Methan entsteht unter anderem bei Fäulnisprozessen. Es ist 25-mal wirksamer als das klimaschädliche Kohlendioxid, kommt in der Erdatmosphäre aber lange nicht...

Im Focus: Climate satellite: Tracking methane with robust laser technology

Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.

Methane is primarily the result of the decomposition of organic matter. The gas has a 25 times greater warming potential than carbon dioxide, but is not as...

Im Focus: How protons move through a fuel cell

Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.

As charge carriers, electrons and ions play the leading role in electrochemical energy storage devices and converters such as batteries and fuel cells. Proton...

Im Focus: Die Schweiz in Pole-Position in der neuen ESA-Mission

Die Europäische Weltraumagentur ESA gab heute grünes Licht für die industrielle Produktion von PLATO, der grössten europäischen wissenschaftlichen Mission zu Exoplaneten. Partner dieser Mission sind die Universitäten Bern und Genf.

Die Europäische Weltraumagentur ESA lanciert heute PLATO (PLAnetary Transits and Oscillation of stars), die grösste europäische wissenschaftliche Mission zur...

Alle Focus-News des Innovations-reports >>>



im innovations-report
in Kooperation mit academics

Von Batterieforschung bis Optoelektronik

23.06.2017 | Veranstaltungen

10. HDT-Tagung: Elektrische Antriebstechnologie für Hybrid- und Elektrofahrzeuge

22.06.2017 | Veranstaltungen

„Fit für die Industrie 4.0“ – Tagung von Hochschule Darmstadt und Schader-Stiftung am 27. Juni

22.06.2017 | Veranstaltungen

Weitere VideoLinks >>>
Aktuelle Beiträge

Radioaktive Elemente in Cassiopeia A liefern Hinweise auf Neutrinos als Ursache der Supernova-Explosion

23.06.2017 | Physik Astronomie

Dünenökosysteme modellieren

23.06.2017 | Ökologie Umwelt- Naturschutz

Makro-Mikrowelle macht Leichtbau für Luft- und Raumfahrt effizienter

23.06.2017 | Materialwissenschaften