Surgeon Paolo Macchiarini has made his name by successfully transplanting bioengineered stem cell-based trachea, composed of both artificial and biological material.
He now plans to use the technique to recreate more complex tissues, such as the oesophagus and diaphragm or organs such as the heart and lungs. He has also made an experimental attempt to regenerate brain in mice and rats. This is part of the news he will be presenting during his seminar at the scientific AAAS Annual Meeting in Boston.
In June 2011, media all over the world reported about a ground breaking transplant, where a patient received an artificial trachea covered in his own stem cells. The result was an artificial windpipe with biological functions. To date, five operations have been carried out using this technique.
"We learn something from each operation. This means we can develop and refine the technique. We are also evaluating how we can transfer our experiences to other fields, such as neurology. The aim is to make as much use of the body's own healing potential as we can", says Paolo Macchiarini, Professor of Regenerative Surgery at Karolinska Institutet, and responsible for the surgery.
At the AAAS Annual Meeting, he will talk about how he believes the technology can be used in the future. This will include:
The plan to operate on a 2 year-old girl in the USA in March. The girl was born without a trachea and has lived her entire life in intensive care, where she breathes through a tube placed in the oesophagus and connected directly to the lungs. Without a new trachea, she will never be able to leave the hospital. This will be the first time the procedure is conducted on a small child. It is also the first time the procedure will be conducted on an individual without a trachea - as previously, diseased organs have been replaced.
There are also plans to transplant the oesophagus, an organ that is more complex than a trachea as it has muscles.
In experimental trials on rats, the research team has investigated the possibility to replace brain matter that has been damaged by serious trauma sustained from events such as traffic accidents, gunshot wounds or surgery. The aim is to replace the lost brain matter with a cultivated stem cell based substance and in turn, avoid neurological damage. The experimental attempt that has been conducted on rats and mice has shown positive results.
On two occasions, severely injured patients with acute refractory lung failure received stem cell based therapy showing immediate functional improvement. Although both patients died as a consequence of multi-organ failure, the result has provided the first evidence that stem cell therapy can be a promising alternative to restore function in certain damaged organs - without the need for them to be removed and replaced with healthy donor organs.
You are welcome to attend the symposium:"Stem Cell-Based Bioartificial Tissues and Organs"
Sabina Bossi | EurekAlert!
Learning from Nature: Genomic database standard alleviates search for novel antibiotics
02.09.2015 | Max-Planck-Institut für marine Mikrobiologie
Orang-utan females prefer cheek-padded males
02.09.2015 | Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig
Kohlenstoffkäfige polymerisieren in Kohlenstoffnanoröhren zu einer linearen nanodiamantenartigen Kette
Im Innenraum von Kohlenstoffnanoröhren gezielt ein lineares Polymer aus nanodiamantenartigen Bausteinen zu gewinnen – das gelang Forschern aus Japan,...
Rauchmelder sind allgegenwärtig. Dennoch geht die Zahl der Brandopfer jährlich in die Tausende. Brandgasmelder, die auf Kohlenstoffmonoxid und Stickoxide reagieren, entdecken Brände im Frühstadium. Durch ein neues Messprinzip von Fraunhofer-Forschern werden die teuren Sensoren nun kostengünstig und damit bereit für den Massenmarkt.
Die Sterne funkeln am Himmel, die Bewohner des Hauses schlummern in ihren Betten. Soweit nichts Besonderes, doch in dieser Nacht steht ihr Leben auf dem Spiel:...
China's Loess Plateau was formed by wind alternately depositing dust or removing dust over the last 2.6 million years, according to a new report from University of Arizona geoscientists. The study is the first to explain how the steep-fronted plateau formed.
China's Loess Plateau was formed by wind alternately depositing dust or removing dust over the last 2.6 million years, according to a new report from...
Davon träumt die Wissenschaft: An einem Computer zu simulieren, wie sich das Universum bis heute entwickelt hat. Forscher aus Würzburg und Heidelberg wollen dem Traum jetzt näher kommen: Sie haben Rechenzeit im Wert von knapp fünf Millionen Euro auf einem Supercomputer bewilligt bekommen.
Der Würzburger Mathematiker Professor Christian Klingenberg und der Heidelberger Astrophysiker Professor Volker Springel haben sich Großes vorgenommen: Sie...
The leaves of the lotus flower, and other natural surfaces that repel water and dirt, have been the model for many types of engineered liquid-repelling surfaces. As slippery as these surfaces are, however, tiny water droplets still stick to them. Now, Penn State researchers have developed nano/micro-textured, highly slippery surfaces able to outperform these naturally inspired coatings, particularly when the water is a vapor or tiny droplets.
Enhancing the mobility of liquid droplets on rough surfaces could improve condensation heat transfer for power-plant heat exchangers, create more efficient...
02.09.2015 | Veranstaltungen
02.09.2015 | Veranstaltungen
02.09.2015 | Veranstaltungen
02.09.2015 | Ökologie Umwelt- Naturschutz
02.09.2015 | Biowissenschaften Chemie
02.09.2015 | Förderungen Preise