Forum für Wissenschaft, Industrie und Wirtschaft

Hauptsponsoren:     3M 
Datenbankrecherche:

 

Using computational biology for the annotation of proteins

26.11.2012
Research carried out at Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) in collaboration with the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncológicas (CNIO – Spanish National Cancer Research Center) employed computational techniques to improve the characterization of proteins.
The system they developed has allowed them to predict, for example, the relationship between two human proteins and telomeres, which led to their possible implication in cellular aging and the development of cancer; this awaits experimental verification.

Proteins are molecules that are formed by chains of amino acids and they play a fundamental role in all of life, given that they contain the coded information in genes; they, therefore, carry out numerous functions in an organism: immunological (antibodies), structural (they constitute the majority of cellular material), bioregulating (they form part of enzymes) and a long list of etceteras. In short, they regulate thousands of process that take place within all organisms, including inside the human organism, and they frequently do so by means of relationships they establish with other cells.

“Analyzing and using this network of interactions is a very interesting task due to the large number of associations that exist and to the multiple forms in which one protein can influence the function of others,” explains Professor Beatriz García, of UC3M’s Computer Science department. “In such a complex biological scenario, determining the functional associations through experiments is very costly, so we have tried to apply computational tools to predict these functions and so orient experimentation,” she points out.

Thus, the idea is to use techniques from the field of Artificial Intelligence, specifically from the area of Machine Learning, to obtain useful results for Biology, as part of an emerging interdisciplinary field known as Biocomputing or Computational Biology. In this context, this line of research goes further in the annotation of the function of proteins, that is, in the determination of which protein or which group of proteins performs which task within an organism.

In short, these scientists have dealt with two specific problems: the prediction of functional associations between pairs of proteins in the bacteria Escherichia coli and the extension of biological pathways in humans. In addition, they offer conclusions regarding the interpretation of those predictions, which may help explain the function of the cellular processes that were studied.

“In particular,” states Beatriz García, “the predictions obtained regarding two human proteins stand out (E3 SUMO-protein ligase y E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase DTX1); these were previously related to the controlled degradation of certain proteins, and we can now propose a new function related to the stabilization of telomeres and, therefore, their possible implication in cellular aging and the development of cancer, which will require experimental verification”.

For this study, part of which was recently published in the journal PLoS ONE, the researcher has received the award for the best doctoral dissertation in her field (Experimental Sciences and Technology) from the Real Academia de Doctores de España (Spanish Royal Academy of Doctors).

The implications that this work holds for the scientific community are already being felt. In fact, the results of the first problem that the project analyzes have already been integrated into the predictions server EcID (E.coli Interaction Database) and they offer a reliability value for the predictions that improves the system’s performance when finding functional associations among the proteins that appear in this database.

Moreover, the second biological problem dealt with in the study opens a new area of research in Biocomputing, by extending already existing pathways. “The procedure it presents complements the only previously existing publication in the field, extending the pathways with many more proteins and exploring a greater surface of the network of interactions,” comments the researcher.

In addition, it could be applied to many more problems of functional annotation in Biology and other fields in which there is relevant information with multiple relationships. In any case, much work remains to be done in the area of Biocomputation. “There are still so many unresolved biological problems that need computational solutions,” assures Beatriz García, who highlights the relevance of this field, which is growing with the advances in new technologies; yet many computational challenges remain, such as the analysis of the new generation of sequencing. “This is an area that needs more trained professionals who can integrate Biology and Computer Science, in order to improve our knowledge of our organism at the molecular level and, finally, to facilitate the treatment of diseases,” she concludes.

Ana María Herrera | alfa
Further information:
http://www.uc3m.es/portal/page/portal/actualidad_cientifica/noticias/biology

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Beetlejuice! Secrets of beetle sprays unlocked at the Advanced Photon Source
04.05.2015 | DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

nachricht A feel for flight: How bats are teaching scientists to build better aircraft
04.05.2015 | Columbia University Medical Center

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: HOBOS, das Bienenforschungsprojekt auf der Expo

„Den Planeten ernähren, Energie für das Leben“: So lautet das Motto der diesjährigen Expo in Mailand. Wenn es um Ernährung geht, spielen Bienen eine wichtige Rolle. Deshalb ist auch HOBOS, das Bienenforschungsprojekt der Uni Würzburg auf der Weltausstellung vertreten.

Etwa 20 Millionen Besucher erwarten die Organisatoren der diesjährigen Weltausstellung Expo in Mailand. Technologie, Innovation, Kultur, Tradition und...

Im Focus: Erosion, Hangrutschungen und Monsun quer durch den Himalaya

Der Himalaya hat gerade wieder auf tragische Weise gezeigt, dass diese Region Zentralasiens zu den geodynamisch aktivsten der Welt gehört. Hangrutschungen gehören zu den wichtigsten Georisiken.

Neben Erdbeben sind Starkregenfälle die Hauptauslöser für solche katastrophalen Hangbewegungen. Ein Team von Wissenschaftlern aus Nepal, der Schweiz und...

Im Focus: Erosion, landslides and monsoon across the Himalaya

Scientists from Nepal, Switzerland and Germany was now able to show how erosion processes caused by the monsoon are mirrored in the sediment load of a river crossing the Himalaya.

In these days, it was again tragically demonstrated that the Himalayas are one of the most active geodynamic regions of the world. Landslides belong to the...

Im Focus: Weltpremiere des Güterwagendrehgestells „SustRail conventional“

Auf der Internationalen Fachmesse „transport logistic“ vom 5. bis 8. Mai 2015 in München stellt das Fachgebiet Schienenfahrzeuge der TU Berlin erstmalig sein Güterwagendrehgestell „SustRail conventional“ der Öffentlichkeit vor. Besuchen Sie in Halle B 4 den Stand 430.

Das TU-Fachgebiet Schienenfahrzeuge hat gemeinsam mit 30 weiteren Partnern im Juni 2011 das von der Europäischen Kommission geförderte europäische...

Im Focus: Through the galaxy by taxi - The Dream Chaser Space Utility Vehicle

A world-class prime systems integrator and electronic systems provider known for its rapid, innovative, and agile technology solutions, Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC) is currently developing a new space transportation system called the Dream Chaser.

The ultimate aim is to construct a multi-mission-capable space utility vehicle, while accelerating the overall development process for this critical capability...

Alle Focus-News des Innovations-reports >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

IHR
JOB & KARRIERE
SERVICE
im innovations-report
in Kooperation mit academics
Veranstaltungen

Fruchtbarer Boden - wertvoll und bald unbezahlbar?

04.05.2015 | Veranstaltungen

Projektarbeit in der Industrie effizient gestalten

30.04.2015 | Veranstaltungen

Wie nehmen Pflanzen ihre Umwelt wahr?

30.04.2015 | Veranstaltungen

 
B2B-VideoLinks
Weitere VideoLinks >>>
Aktuelle Beiträge

Vulkan Loki von der Erde aus beobachtet

04.05.2015 | Physik Astronomie

Hautkrebs schnell erkennen

04.05.2015 | Medizintechnik

Spezifisches Management der Böden ist Grundlage für langfristige Ernährungssicherheit

04.05.2015 | Messenachrichten