Forum für Wissenschaft, Industrie und Wirtschaft

Hauptsponsoren:     3M 
Datenbankrecherche:

 

Online Classes Provide Better Way toTeach Global Education, Researcher Says

13.05.2003


Web-based college classes are more than just a technological novelty for graduate students who are learning global education, according to an Ohio State University researcher.

... mehr zu:
»American »Education

Courses taught on the web allow Americans to interact with people from around the world and to learn new perspectives that they could never experience in a typical classroom, said Merry Merryfield, professor of social studies and global education at Ohio State University.

Online classes permit students to tackle more controversial subjects, ensure that all students participate equally, and give the opportunity for more thoughtful and in-depth discussions of issues, Merryfield found in a recent study.


Merryfield teaches graduate-level online classes on global education for teachers in the United States and around the world. In her study, she examined the online interaction of 92 American teachers who took her courses and 22 cultural consultants – educators from other countries that Merryfield hired to provide the American teachers with international perspectives. The results showed the value of online classes in global education, Merryfield said.

“Online technologies provide opportunities for teachers to experience a more global community than is possible face-to-face,” Merryfield said. “In a course I taught last summer, I had 65 people from 18 states and 12 countries. This diversity affected the course and the content in many ways, and greatly helped the learning process.”

Merryfield presented her findings April 22 in Chicago at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association.

While traditional classes with students meeting in a classroom have some advantages, online courses have their own strengths, she said.

For example, Merryfield found that web-based interaction allow discussion of sensitive and controversial topics that would be difficult in face-to-face settings. Students can discuss cultural and political issues – such as those involving terrorism and the war with Iraq – that they might be reluctant to do in a classroom. One student told Merryfield that “online discussions are like a veil that protects me” and allowed her to “feel safe enough to ask the hard questions” of other students in her class.

“People respond to text instead of a person’s physical presence, personality, accent or body language,” she said.

Students in Merryfield’s online courses have projects which they turn in and make available to other students to comment on and critique, she said. For example, at the beginning of class each student turns in a short bio explaining their experiences related to equity and diversity. Other students react online to these bios.

While in traditional classes students may stand up and talk a little about themselves, the online format give students more time to interact and comment about each other’s bios. In a class about global education, this helps tremendously in promoting cross-cultural interaction, according to Merryfield.

Online classes have another important advantage: they allow all students to participate equally. While in traditional classes a few students may dominate, Merryfield has rules in her web-based classes that set minimum and maximum numbers of messages each person posts.

“There is no possibility of a few people monopolizing a discussion, nor is anyone left out,” Merryfield said.

One of the main ways students communicate in the online class is through threaded discussion – an interactive discussion in which a person posts a message, people respond to it, and people can respond to those responses. Threaded discussions can occur on a variety of topics, such as the readings assigned to the students. These discussions can be much more meaningful and in-depth than oral discussions in a classroom.

“Discussions take place over several days, so people have time to look up references and share resources,” she said. “They have time to think, analyze and synthesize ideas. I have been amazed at how these threaded discussions increase both the depth of content and equity in participation.”

In her online classes, Merryfield has students complete a project of their choosing that has relevance to global education. For example, a teacher taking the class might do an in-depth project on African literature to help her teach her units on colonization. The online nature of the course helps students develop these projects in a variety of ways. For one, Merryfield has cultural consultants from areas around the world who can provide insight and advice. Also, unlike traditional classes, these projects aren’t just provided to the instructor – they are available for all the students to read, critique and use.

The projects that students work on can have immediate impacts for teachers around the world, Merryfield said. From these projects and other sources, Merryfield and her collaborators have created databases about certain countries, regions and issues in global education. When the latest conflict between the United States and Iraq erupted, Merryfield and colleagues took database information about Iraq and the Middle East and sent it to various listservs and published it in Social Education, the lead journal for social studies.

“It’s immediately getting the best resources we have about a certain part of the world in the hands of teachers so they can use it in their classrooms,” Merryfield said. “Traditionally, it would have taken 10 to 15 years to publish this information in textbooks.”

Overall, web-based courses can provide significant advantages for teaching global education, Merryfield said.

“Online technologies are the perfect tools for social studies and global education, as these fields focus on learning about the world and its peoples,” she said. “This provides opportunities for teachers to experience a more global community than is possible face to face.”

However, she noted, “All of us do need opportunities for face to face experiential learning with people of diverse cultures.”



Contact: Merry Merryfield, (614) 292-4314; Merryfield.1@osu.edu
Written by Jeff Grabmeier, (614) 292-8457; Grabmeier.1@osu.edu

Jeff Grabmeier | Ohio State University
Weitere Informationen:
http://www.osu.edu/researchnews/archive/globeduc.htm

Weitere Berichte zu: American Education

Weitere Nachrichten aus der Kategorie Bildung Wissenschaft:

nachricht Digitales Know-how für den Mittelstand: Uni Bayreuth entwickelt neuartiges Weiterbildungsprogramm
28.09.2017 | Universität Bayreuth

nachricht Physik-Didaktiker aus Münster entwickeln Lehrmaterial zu Quantenphänomenen
22.09.2017 | Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster

Alle Nachrichten aus der Kategorie: Bildung Wissenschaft >>>

Die aktuellsten Pressemeldungen zum Suchbegriff Innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Sicheres Bezahlen ohne Datenspur

Ob als Smartphone-App für die Fahrkarte im Nahverkehr, als Geldwertkarten für das Schwimmbad oder in Form einer Bonuskarte für den Supermarkt: Für viele gehören „elektronische Geldbörsen“ längst zum Alltag. Doch vielen Kunden ist nicht klar, dass sie mit der Nutzung dieser Angebote weitestgehend auf ihre Privatsphäre verzichten. Am Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT) entsteht ein sicheres und anonymes System, das gleichzeitig Alltagstauglichkeit verspricht. Es wird nun auf der Konferenz ACM CCS 2017 in den USA vorgestellt.

Es ist vor allem das fehlende Problembewusstsein, das den Informatiker Andy Rupp von der Arbeitsgruppe „Kryptographie und Sicherheit“ am KIT immer wieder...

Im Focus: Neutron star merger directly observed for the first time

University of Maryland researchers contribute to historic detection of gravitational waves and light created by event

On August 17, 2017, at 12:41:04 UTC, scientists made the first direct observation of a merger between two neutron stars--the dense, collapsed cores that remain...

Im Focus: Breaking: the first light from two neutron stars merging

Seven new papers describe the first-ever detection of light from a gravitational wave source. The event, caused by two neutron stars colliding and merging together, was dubbed GW170817 because it sent ripples through space-time that reached Earth on 2017 August 17. Around the world, hundreds of excited astronomers mobilized quickly and were able to observe the event using numerous telescopes, providing a wealth of new data.

Previous detections of gravitational waves have all involved the merger of two black holes, a feat that won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics earlier this month....

Im Focus: Topologische Isolatoren: Neuer Phasenübergang entdeckt

Physiker des HZB haben an BESSY II Materialien untersucht, die zu den topologischen Isolatoren gehören. Dabei entdeckten sie einen neuen Phasenübergang zwischen zwei unterschiedlichen topologischen Phasen. Eine dieser Phasen ist ferroelektrisch: das bedeutet, dass sich im Material spontan eine elektrische Polarisation ausbildet, die sich durch ein äußeres elektrisches Feld umschalten lässt. Dieses Ergebnis könnte neue Anwendungen wie das Schalten zwischen unterschiedlichen Leitfähigkeiten ermöglichen.

Topologische Isolatoren zeichnen sich dadurch aus, dass sie an ihren Oberflächen Strom sehr gut leiten, während sie im Innern Isolatoren sind. Zu dieser neuen...

Im Focus: Smarte Sensoren für effiziente Prozesse

Materialfehler im Endprodukt können in vielen Industriebereichen zu frühzeitigem Versagen führen und den sicheren Gebrauch der Erzeugnisse massiv beeinträchtigen. Eine Schlüsselrolle im Rahmen der Qualitätssicherung kommt daher intelligenten, zerstörungsfreien Sensorsystemen zu, die es erlauben, Bauteile schnell und kostengünstig zu prüfen, ohne das Material selbst zu beschädigen oder die Oberfläche zu verändern. Experten des Fraunhofer IZFP in Saarbrücken präsentieren vom 7. bis 10. November 2017 auf der Blechexpo in Stuttgart zwei Exponate, die eine schnelle, zuverlässige und automatisierte Materialcharakterisierung und Fehlerbestimmung ermöglichen (Halle 5, Stand 5306).

Bei Verwendung zeitaufwändiger zerstörender Prüfverfahren zieht die Qualitätsprüfung durch die Beschädigung oder Zerstörung der Produkte enorme Kosten nach...

Alle Focus-News des Innovations-reports >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

IHR
JOB & KARRIERE
SERVICE
im innovations-report
in Kooperation mit academics
Veranstaltungen

DFG unterstützt Kongresse und Tagungen - Dezember 2017

17.10.2017 | Veranstaltungen

Intelligente Messmethoden für die Bauwerkssicherheit: Fachtagung „Messen im Bauwesen“ am 14.11.2017

17.10.2017 | Veranstaltungen

Meeresbiologe Mark E. Hay zu Gast bei den "Noblen Gesprächen" am Beutenberg Campus in Jena

16.10.2017 | Veranstaltungen

 
VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
Weitere VideoLinks >>>
Aktuelle Beiträge

Sicheres Bezahlen ohne Datenspur

17.10.2017 | Informationstechnologie

Pflanzen gegen Staunässe schützen

17.10.2017 | Biowissenschaften Chemie

Den Trends der Umweltbranche auf der Spur

17.10.2017 | Ökologie Umwelt- Naturschutz