Forum für Wissenschaft, Industrie und Wirtschaft

Hauptsponsoren:     3M 
Datenbankrecherche:

 

Wellness for dairy cows

08.03.2012
Does butter taste better when the cows are happy? How much is too much for a liter of milk? What will dairy cows of the future look like? What does a glass of milk have to do with environmental protection? Will cows be pastured in future, too?
These are some of the questions that the new Center of Integrated Dairy Research (Zentrum für Integrierte Milchwirtschaftliche Forschung) or "CIDRe" for short is looking to answer. Scientists from a wide range of disciplines are working in this recently established center at the University of Bonn for the benefit of a balanced and sustainable dairy industry.

For more than 10,000 years, humans have been using cows for obtaining milk and meat, as providers of fertilizer, and as draft animals. During cold periods, humans used the animals' skins or their leather for protection. In short, cattle helped humans survive under adverse conditions. The production conditions have, however, changed drastically over time. Originally, cows gave about eight liters of milk a day to feed a calf. Modern high-performance cows produce 50 liters a day now, sometimes at a dramatic price. "The dairy industry system has been off balance for quite some time," said Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Büscher, Speaker of the new Zentrum für Integrierte Milchwirtschaftliche Forschung at the University of Bonn (CIDRe).

Extreme increase in milk production results in problems

Due to the extreme increase in milk production, cows often need signi¬¬fi¬cantly more energy during the first 100 days after calving than they can take in with their feed. "This imbalance can result in fat and muscle wasting as well as metabolic diseases," said veterinary Dr. Susanne Plattes, CIDRe Coordinator. High-performance cows are more susceptible to fertility problems or hoof and udder infections. Dr. Plattes explained further, "The animals' wellness is becoming the focus for ethical and eco¬n¬omic reasons. If more species-appropriate animal husbandry results in better products, the economic advantages will also be obvious."
Environmental consequences

The environmental effects of modern milk production are also tangible. Gases that further stoke global climate change can escape from dairy cows' stomachs. Consequently, the central question the researchers involved with the CIDRe, who come from Agricultural Science, IT, Physics, Veterinary Medicine, Economics and Social Sciences, are seeking to answer is how the complex dairy industry system can be brought into balance. In addition to mere milk production, both the health and wellness of the animals, as well as the protection of the environment should be taken into account. Related to this are socioeconomic questions; such as, how highly - in terms of price - consumers value a sustainable dairy industry.

Unique research project at the Frankenforst research station

First, however, lots of data must be collected in order to be able to optimize the dairy industry system also with regard to animal wellness and environmental protection. Here, the Frankenforst research station of the University of Bonn plays a central role in this research area. "It is the only one of its kind in Germany and allows research at the highest level," said Prof. Büscher. So for example, a host of sensors captures how much feed a cow eats and how much she moves. Water intake, milk flow and ingredients as well as heart frequency are among the parameters that are recorded digitally, based on which the scientists can determine how each individual cow is doing. The animals' behavior is analyzed in cooperation with the University of Halle-Wittenberg.

Comprehensive measured data for a simulation model
The scientists want to capture the dairy industry system as completely as possible and then develop models from their results. "This will allow us to answer several critical questions," said Dr. Plattes. "Such as solutions for the trade-off between more freedom to move and the related increase in ammonia and odor emissions." In addition, the scientists are interested in finding out whether there is an increased health risk an increased health risk for cows with high milk production. But economic issues are also studied, such as the difference in dairy animal husbandry profitability on field versus pasture locations.
Support for young scholars

"Over the past years, interdisciplinary cooperation in diary industry research at the Agricultural Faculty has been intensified greatly," said the Dean, Prof. Dr. Karl Schellander. "CIDRe will focus the strengths of the participants involved in this research focus, intensify interdisciplinary research and contribute to increasing its visibility here and abroad." Another focus of the Center is supporting young scholars - among others, by means of the Theodor-Brinkmann Graduate School that offers both the Faculty's Master courses of study as well as its structured doctoral studies, all under one roof. In addition, the CIDRe is scheduled to offer an interdisciplinary Summer School.

Contact:

Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Büscher (Speaker)
CIDRe (Center of Integrated Dairy Research)
Ph.: +49 228-732 396
Email: buescher@uni-bonn.de

Dr. med. vet. Susanne Plattes (Coordinator)
CIDRe (Center of Integrated Dairy Research)
Ph.: +49 228-739 418 or +49 6552-600 9915
Email: cidre@uni-bonn.de

Johannes Seiler | idw
Further information:
http://www.cidre.uni-bonn.de/
http://www3.uni-bonn.de/Pressemitteilungen/058-2012

More articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science:

nachricht Farming with forests
23.09.2016 | University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES)

nachricht Ecological intensification of agriculture
09.09.2016 | Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg

All articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Der perfekte Sonnensturm

Ein geomagnetischer Sturm hat sich als Glücksfall für die Wissenschaft erwiesen. Jahrzehnte rätselte die Forschung, wie hoch energetische Partikel, die auf die Magnetosphäre der Erde treffen, wieder verschwinden. Jetzt hat Yuri Shprits vom Deutschen GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ und der Universität Potsdam mit einem internationalen Team eine Erklärung gefunden: Entscheidend für den Verlust an Teilchen ist, wie schnell die Partikel sind. Shprits: „Das hilft uns auch, Prozesse auf der Sonne, auf anderen Planeten und sogar in fernen Galaxien zu verstehen.“ Er fügt hinzu: „Die Studie wird uns überdies helfen, das ‚Weltraumwetter‘ besser vorherzusagen und damit wertvolle Satelliten zu schützen.“

Ein geomagnetischer Sturm am 17. Januar 2013 hat sich als Glücksfall für die Wissenschaft erwiesen. Der Sonnensturm ermöglichte einzigartige Beobachtungen, die...

Im Focus: New welding process joins dissimilar sheets better

Friction stir welding is a still-young and thus often unfamiliar pressure welding process for joining flat components and semi-finished components made of light metals.
Scientists at the University of Stuttgart have now developed two new process variants that will considerably expand the areas of application for friction stir welding.
Technologie-Lizenz-Büro (TLB) GmbH supports the University of Stuttgart in patenting and marketing its innovations.

Friction stir welding is a still-young and thus often unfamiliar pressure welding process for joining flat components and semi-finished components made of...

Im Focus: Neuer Schalter entscheidet zwischen Reparatur und Zelltod

Eine der wichtigsten Entscheidungen, die eine Zelle zu treffen hat, ist eine Frage von Leben und Tod: kann ein Schaden repariert werden oder ist es sinnvoller zellulären Selbstmord zu begehen um weitere Schädigung zu verhindern? In einer Kaskade eines bisher wenig verstandenen Signalweges konnten Forscher des Exzellenzclusters für Alternsforschung CECAD an der Universität zu Köln ein Protein identifizieren (UFD-2), das eine Schlüsselrolle in dem Prozess einnimmt. Die Ergebnisse wurden in der Fachzeitschrift Nature Structural & Molecular Biology veröffentlicht.

Die genetische Information einer jeden Zelle liegt in ihrer Sequenz der DNA-Doppelhelix. Doppelstrangbrüche der DNA, die durch Strahlung hervorgerufen werden...

Im Focus: Forscher entwickeln quantenphotonischen Schaltkreis mit elektrischer Lichtquelle

Optische Quantenrechner könnten die Computertechnologie revolutionieren. Forschern um Wolfram Pernice von der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster sowie Ralph Krupke, Manfred Kappes und Carsten Rockstuhl vom Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ist es nun gelungen, einen quantenoptischen Versuchsaufbau auf einem Chip zu platzieren. Damit haben sie eine Voraussetzung erfüllt, um photonische Schaltkreise für optische Quantencomputer nutzbar machen zu können.

Ob für eine abhörsichere Datenverschlüsselung, die ultraschnelle Berechnung riesiger Datenmengen oder die sogenannte Quantensimulation, mit der hochkomplexe...

Im Focus: First quantum photonic circuit with electrically driven light source

Optical quantum computers can revolutionize computer technology. A team of researchers led by scientists from Münster University and KIT now succeeded in putting a quantum optical experimental set-up onto a chip. In doing so, they have met one of the requirements for making it possible to use photonic circuits for optical quantum computers.

Optical quantum computers are what people are pinning their hopes on for tomorrow’s computer technology – whether for tap-proof data encryption, ultrafast...

Alle Focus-News des Innovations-reports >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

IHR
JOB & KARRIERE
SERVICE
im innovations-report
in Kooperation mit academics
Veranstaltungen

EEHE 2017 – Strom statt Benzin. Experten diskutieren die Umsetzung neuester Fahrzeugkonzepte. Call vor Papers endet am 31.10.2016!

28.09.2016 | Veranstaltungen

Folgenschwere Luftverschmutzung: Forum zur Chemie der Atmosphäre

28.09.2016 | Veranstaltungen

European Health Forum Gastein 2016 beginnt

28.09.2016 | Veranstaltungen

 
B2B-VideoLinks
Weitere VideoLinks >>>
Aktuelle Beiträge

EEHE 2017 – Strom statt Benzin. Experten diskutieren die Umsetzung neuester Fahrzeugkonzepte. Call vor Papers endet am 31.10.2016!

28.09.2016 | Veranstaltungsnachrichten

Wie Blockchain die Finanzwelt verändert

28.09.2016 | Wirtschaft Finanzen

Neue Plasmaanlage - Präzise und hoch entwickelte Chips

28.09.2016 | Physik Astronomie